This is a 3-part series showcasing the 3 Great Ramens of Japan : Kitakata Ramen, Sapporo Ramen and Hakata Ramen.
In this recipe, I will show you how to make Hakata Tonkotsu Ramen Recipe 博多ラーメン. Tonkotsu ramen (Pork Bone Ramen) originated from Hakata district of Fukuoka city in Kyushu which is why Hakata Ramen is one of the most famous in Japan. The tonkotsu (pork-bone) soup base is boiled over long hours for a rich, milky and layered taste, typically served with ultra-thin, straight, and firm noodles.
Some of the most famous ramen restaurants in Japan and all over the world are renowned for Hakata Ramen, like Ichiran, Ippudo, Ikkousha.
In my recipe, a lot of time and effort is put into boiling the Tonkotsu soup which is purely made from pork bone. The soup is boiled 3 rounds totally about 9 hours and in each round of boiling some soup is extracted and combined in order to create layered taste and strong umami. The noodles were handmade into thin and straight noodles, and kept firm when boiling. The sauce was made with a variety of ingredients to create a nice complement to the soup without overpowering it. I also made my own chilli paste to add a bit of spice to the soup as topping, other than the usual ramen toppings.
As always, I did not use any MSG because I try to use various alternative ingredients to bring out the umami in my own recipes.
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How to make Hakata Tonkotsu Ramen
STEP 1 : RAMEN NOODLES(麺)
- FLOUR 400g
- WATER 116
- KANSUI 5g
- SALT 5g
1. Add flour 400g to mixing bowl.
2. Mix with water, kansui and salt.
3. Stir the kansui mixture into the flour.
4. Place into resealable bag and press flat.
5. Leave dough aside for 40 min.
6. Cut into thin noodles. Noodles are done.
STEP 2 : RAMEN SAUCE(タレ)
- DRIED SHRIMP 30g
- RISHIRI KOMBU 2pc
- DRIED SHIITAKE MUSHROOMS 3pc
- WATER 300ml
- USUKUCHI SHOYU 80ml
- THAI FISH SAUCE 20ml
- HON MIRIN 80ml
- COOKING SAKE 40ml
- RICE VINEGAR 10ml
- SEA SALT 35g
- SLICED GARLIC 30g
- SESAME SEEDS 30g
- OYSTER SAUCE 20g
1. Add dried shrimp, cut kombu, dried shiitake mushrooms and water to a container.
2. Cover the dashi and leave in the fridge overnight.
3. Add the dashi into pot and start to boil.
3. Once the dashi boils, simmer 5min.
4. Strain dashi.
6. Add dashi, usukuchi shoyu, thai fish sauce, hon mirin, cooking sake, rice vinegar, sea salt, sliced garlic and sesame seeds into cooking pot.
7. Start fire to boil. Stop fire after sauce boils.
8. Add oyster sauce.
9. Add sauce into blender after it has cooled down.
10. Blend until sauce is smooth. Ramen sauce is done.
STEP 3 : RAMEN SOUP (BROTH)(スープ)
- PRE-BOILED PORK HEAD BONE 1pc
- PRE-BOILED PORK BONE 1pc
- WATER 3L
- PORK SHOULDER LOIN 500g
1. Add pre-boiled pork head bone, pre-boiled pork bone and water to large pot.
2. Start to boil at medium heat.
3. Remove scum.
4. Change to low heat and add pork shoulder loin, simmer for 3 hours.
5. Remove pork shoulder loin which will be used for chashu.
6. Change to high heat to boil for 1 hour.
7. Stop fire.
8. Strain to separate about 600ml of soup. Leave this aside.
9. Refill water into the large pot to the same level as the start.
10. Start to boil at high heat.
11. Continue to boil at high heat for 2-3 hours. Stop fire.
12. Strain soup to separate 600ml of soup into the same pot earlier. Leave aside to cool.
13. Refill water (again) in the large pot.
14. Start to boil at high heat for 2-3 hours.
15. The soup has turned very milky after boiling for long hours at high heat. Stop fire.
16. Strain the remaining 6-700ml of soup.
17. Combining soup boiled at different timings creates stronger umami. Tonkotsu soup is done.
STEP 4 : CHASHU(チャーシュー)
- KOIKUCHI SHOYU 50ml
- COOKING SAKE 50ml
- SUGAR 1tbsp
1. Add koikuchi shoyu, cooking sake and sugar into a sauce pan.
2. Boil sauce until cooking sake fully evaporates, and leave aside to cool.
3. Marinate pork shoulder loin with chashu sauce for 1 hour. Chashu is done.
STEP 5 : TOPPING(トッピング)
- HON MIRIN 50ml
- SUGAR 1tbsp
- JAPANESE CHILLI POWDER 1.5tbsp
- SPRING ONIONS
- SLICED BLACK FUNGUS
1. Add hon mirin and sugar to a sauce pan.
2. Boil until sugar cameralise.
3. add Japanese chilli powder and stir to mix well. Chilli paste is done.
4. Slice spring onions finely.
5. Slice chashu.
6. Sliced black fungus, spring onions, chilli paste, menma, ajitama and chashu. Toppings all done.
STEP 6 : HAKATA TONKOTSU RAMEN(博多豚骨ラーメン)
- RAMEN SAUCE 30ml
- TONKOTSU SOUP 300ml
- NOODLES 110g
- ALL TOPPINGS
1.Add ramen sauce and tonkotsu soup in a bowl.
2. Boil noodles for 1 min.
3. Hakata tonkotsu ramen is done.
4. Tonkotsu soup is milky rich and aromatic, with a tinge of spiciness.
5. Chashu is thick and tender.
6. Noodles are thin and straight with some firmness to complement the soup.
Make your own ramen
If you’d like to make authentic ramen like this recipe, you can make your own with all the ingredients and cooking utensils!
You can buy the ingredients for ramen RAMEN KAONASHI STORE.